Fagus

Fagus grandifolia - American beech

The only beech species on the American continent, American beech is common throughout a large range in the east, usually forming mixed broadleaf forests with, among others, sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis). The smooth grey bark and heavy foliage are reminiscent of its European relative, common beech (F. sylvatica). However, the American species has longer and larger leaves and the trunk is a shade lighter, but the tree itself remains smaller than the European cousin.